A league of their own: demographics, motivations and patterns of use of 1,955 male adult non-medical anabolic steroid users in the United States. Cohen, et al. 2007.
Adverse health effects of anabolic androgenic steroids. Amsterdam, et al. 2010.
Anabolic steroid abuse: Psychiatric and physical costs. Talih, et al. 2007.
Pharmacology of anabolic steroids. Kicman. 2008.
Social capital: Implications from an investigation of illegal anabolic steroid networks. Maycock, et al. 2007.
Structural characteristics of anabolic androgenic steroids contributing to binding to the androgen receptor and to their anabolic and androgenic activities: Applied modifications in the steroidal structure. Fragkaki, et al. 2009.
Control of Human Sebocyte Proliferation in Vitro by Testosterone and 5-DHT is Dependent on the Localization of the Sebaceous Glands. Akamatsu, et al. 1992.
Steroid abuse can also affect the heart (cardiovascular system) and cholesterol (lipid profile). Generally, in studies where steroids are abused, HDL-cholesterol (the good stuff) declines, and LDL-cholesterol tends to go up. Yeah, the good cholesterol goes down and the bad cholesterol goes up. In a related area, the heart often has to work harder because of this, and there also seems to be a steroid-related mild hypertrophy of the left ventricle which is accompanied by a decreased diastolic relaxation. This is very unclear, as regards steroid use, with regards to potential for reversibility and what portion is due to steroid use and what portion is due to training, which also increases ventricle size. Also in a related vein (ha ha) are increases in diastolic blood pressure. All of this increases risk for cardiovascular disease.